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Thursday, May 10, 2012

My First Arduino Project: DoorTunes

My first Arduino project!
My "DoorTunes" (AKA: MP3 Doorbell)

Arduino Uno
Audio Shield (v1.1) "Wave Shield"

 * This plays one .WAV file from the SD card by index when the doorbell is pressed

SdReader card;    // This object holds the information for the card
FatVolume vol;    // This holds the information for the partition on the card
FatReader root;   // This holds the information for the volumes root directory
FatReader file;   // This represents the WAV file
WaveHC wave;      // This is the only wave (audio) object, since we will only play one at a time
uint8_t dirLevel; // indent level for file/dir names    (for prettyprinting)
dir_t dirBuf;     // buffer for directory reads

const int numberOfTunes = 14;

// See sketch (openByIndex) example
uint16_t tunesIndex[numberOfTunes]; // Number of Tune files.

 * Define macro to put error messages in flash memory
#define error(msg) error_P(PSTR(msg))

// Function definitions (we define them here, but the code is below)
void play(FatReader &dir);
void findFiles(FatReader &dir);
const int doorBellPin = 7; // Analog pin for doorbell
int doorBellState = 0;
long randNumber, lastNumber;

//////////////////////////////////// SETUP
void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);           // set up Serial library at 9600 bps for debugging
  putstring_nl("\nRunning Setup!");  // say we woke up!
  putstring("Free RAM: ");       // This can help with debugging, running out of RAM is bad

  // Set the output pins for the DAC control. This pins are defined in the library
  pinMode(2, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(3, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(4, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(5, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(doorBellPin, INPUT);

  //  if (!card.init(true)) { //play with 4 MHz spi if 8MHz isn't working for you
  if (!card.init()) {         //play with 8 MHz spi (default faster!)  
    error("Card init. failed!");  // Something went wrong, lets print out why
  // enable optimize read - some cards may timeout. Disable if you're having problems
  // Now we will look for a FAT partition!
  uint8_t part;
  for (part = 0; part < 5; part++) {   // we have up to 5 slots to look in
    if (vol.init(card, part)) 
      break;                           // we found one, lets bail
  if (part == 5) {                     // if we ended up not finding one  :(
    error("No valid FAT partition!");  // Something went wrong, lets print out why
  // Lets tell the user about what we found
  putstring("Using partition ");
  Serial.print(part, DEC);
  putstring(", type is FAT");
  Serial.println(vol.fatType(), DEC);     // FAT16 or FAT32?
  // Try to open the root directory
  if (!root.openRoot(vol)) {
    error("Can't open root dir!");      // Something went wrong,
  // Whew! We got past the tough parts.
  putstring_nl("Files found (* = fragmented):");

  // Print out all of the files in all the directories. | LS_FLAG_FRAGMENTED);

  putstring("\nCalling findFiles()");
  putstring("\nDONE WITH SETUP");

//////////////////////////////////// LOOP
void loop() {
  doorBellState = digitalRead(doorBellPin);
  if(doorBellState == HIGH) {
    putstring("\nDOORBELL is Pressed!\n");
    // print a random number from 0 to NumberOfTunes
    randNumber = random(numberOfTunes);
    while(randNumber == lastNumber) {
      Serial.println("Dude, we already heard that song! Pick something original");
      randNumber = random(numberOfTunes);
    lastNumber = randNumber;
    putstring("\nRandom Number: ");
    // Try to open the root directory
    if (!root.openRoot(vol)) {
      error("Can't open root dir!");      // Something went wrong,
    // open by index
    if (!, tunesIndex[randNumber])) {
      error("open by index");
    // create and play Wave
    if (!wave.create(file))
    uint8_t n = 0;
    while (wave.isplaying) {// playing occurs in interrupts, so we print dots in realtime
      // I also use this to keep it from trying to play more than one file while the doorbell is pressed.
      if (!(++n % 32))Serial.println();

/////////////////////////////////// HELPERS
 * print error message and halt
void error_P(const char *str) {
  PgmPrint("Error: ");
 * print error message and halt if SD I/O error, great for debugging!
void sdErrorCheck(void) {
  if (!card.errorCode()) return;
  PgmPrint("\r\nSD I/O error: ");
  Serial.print(card.errorCode(), HEX);
  PgmPrint(", ");
  Serial.println(card.errorData(), HEX);

 * Find all the tunes - possible stack overflow if subdirectories too nested
void findFiles(FatReader &dir) {
  putstring("\nRunning findFiles()");
  FatReader file;
  int tunesCounter = 0;
  while (dir.readDir(dirBuf) > 0) {    // Read every file in the directory one at a time
    // Skip it if not a subdirectory and not a .WAV file
    if (!DIR_IS_SUBDIR(dirBuf)
         && strncmp_P((char *)&[8], PSTR("WAV"), 3)) {
      putstring("\nfindFiles() Not a wav or subdir.");

    Serial.println();            // clear out a new line
    for (uint8_t i = 0; i < dirLevel; i++) {
       Serial.write(' ');       // this is for prettyprinting, put spaces in front
    if (!, dirBuf)) {        // open the file in the directory
      error(" failed");          // something went wrong
    if(file.isDir()) {
      putstring("Subdir: ");
      // recursive call to findFiles(file);
    else {
      // Add the file to the tunes[]
      // Aha! we found a file that isnt a directory
      putstring("Adding file: ");
      printEntryName(dirBuf);              // print it out
      if (!wave.create(file)) {            // Figure out, is it a WAV proper?
        putstring(" Not a valid WAV");     // ok skip it
      } else {
        Serial.println();                  // Hooray it IS a WAV proper!
        putstring("tunesCounter: ");

        // Save file's index (byte offset of directory entry divided by entry size)
        // Current position is just after entry so subtract one.
        tunesIndex[tunesCounter] = root.readPosition()/32 - 1;  

        sdErrorCheck();                    // everything OK?
  putstring("\nDONE Running findFiles()");
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